Self Help Groups in Cross River State, Nigeria
Uwem Essia, Peter N. Mba, Margaret Ebokpo, Nsa Ekpo and Awuken Obajiaj
Volume 37 Issue 2
|Development of Constructivism among Upper Primary School Students’ Analytical Thinking in Learning about Food and Nutrient through Science Technology and Society (STS) Approach||171-175|
|Patitta Han-asa, Chokchai Yuenyong and Pennee Kantavong Narot|
|Abstract: This paper will present the enhancing upper primary school students’ analytical thinking in learning about food and nutrient through science technology and society (STS) approach. The participants included 40 Grade 6 students in Tassaban Srimuangphol School, Phol, Khon Kaen, Thailand. Methodology regarded interpretive paradigm. The STS food and nutrient unit was developed based on Yuenyong (2006)’s STS framework that consisted of five stages. These include (1) identification of social issues, (2) identification of potential solutions, (3) need for knowledge, (4) decision-making, and (5) socialization stage. The intervention was carried out for 10 hours. Students’ analytical thinking was interpreted through participant observation, students’ tasks, and interviewing during their learning about food and nutrient through STS approach. The findings suggested that the intervention could enhance students to analytically think about food and nutrient. Their food product reflected their designing about food producing concerning on nutrient concept, colorful, safety, economics, and so on. The paper will discuss how the Grade 6 students’ thinking could be interpreted as theoretically analytical thinking, relationally analytical thinking and crucially analytical thinking. Keywords: Primary school students, analytical thinking, STS, food, nutrient|
|Mehmed Uzun’s Postcolonial Struggle: Between National Allegory and Hybridity||176-190|
|Abstract: This article aims to analyze different modes of resistance in Kurdish writer Mehmed Uzun’s literature. It aims to show unique dynamics of postcolonial condition in Turkey. Living under Turkish state as a member of Kurdish minority, Uzun attempts decolonization and performs resistance through literature. This article suggests that his early works show proximities to nationalist literature. For this aim, essentialist approaches and problems of active agency will be investigated. Second, this article will analyze the significance of Uzun’s late writings. The ways in which his literature shows proximity to hybridity will be subjected to careful observation. This article argues that two distinct modes of resistance do not exist independently. They rather coexist. Uzun deals with two different kinds of pressures: Hegemonic state discourse and communal perceptions that promote nationalism. His early works show proximity to nationalist literature since they resist hegemonic state discourse. His later works show proximity to hybridity since he attempts to detach himself from communal expectations. This article argues that post-1998 is a crucial period where Uzun establishes relations with Turkish language. Writing in Turkish language enables him to criticize totalitarian tendencies in Kurdish community and to decolonize hegemonic state discourse by directly speaking to Turkish audience. Keywords: Mehmed Uzun, Postcolonial Literature, Nationalism, Kurdish Question in Turkey|
|Legal Nature of Representation in the Jordanian Law of Evidence||191-201|
|Radwan Obedat, Mozafar Al Rawi and Ahmad Kh. Al Dhahir|
Representation is an acknowledgement of a legal fact by the representer that leads to resolving the dispute related to that fact, it shall be issued by a litigant in a case, under which a right to which he/ she is liable is acknowledged in favor of the parties to whom it is issued, who shall not have to use an effort then to establish the fact stated in the representation; since the representation relieves the litigant in whose favor it's issued from establishing the fact related to the representation.
Representation is a legal act of disposal, the matter that requires it to be issued by a person with a free volition with no consensual flaw, and it is exclusively confined to the representer.
Representation has its legal effect as it resolves the dispute on the related fact, whether expressly or implicitly issued, and whether made in writing or oral. It is of types: judicial and extrajudicial.
Judicial representation is made before a court and during hearing the case, subsequently it is of conclusive effect by which the dispute comes to end; while the other representation takes place apart from the legal action and differs from the former in that it does not serve as a conclusive evidence on the intent, yet the effect thereof is left to the discretion of the trial judge.
|Le Pacte de Préférence en Droit Civil Jordanien "Étude Comparée"||202-216|
|Ahmed Ibrahim Al Hiari|
Le pacte de préférence en droit jordanien est un contrat innommé. Il n'est pas subordonné à une condition purement potestative, engendrant la nullité du contrat. Cependant, il ne s'agit pas d'une application simple de la promesse de vente au sens prévu dans l'article 105 du code civil; vue les différences apparentes entre les deux systèmes juridiques en ce qui concerne les conditions de la formation de chaque contrat ainsi que ses effets.
Les différences relatives aux conditions de la formation du contrat concernant le consentement, l’objet, le délai de la levée de l’option et la formalité. Egalement l’on peut noter certaines divergences relatives aux effets de ce contrat; comme la conclusion forcée de la vente et la substitution aux droits du tiers acquéreur. Keywords: Droit civil jordanien; droit civil français, pacte de préférence, promesse de vente, condition potestative, responsabilité contractuelle, exécution forcée et substitution aux droit du tiers.
|Freedom in Choosing College Majors and its Effects on Causal Attribution Types for academic Success and Failure among Undergraduate Students||217-225|
|Thaer Ahmad Ghbari and Jalal Kayed Damra|
|Abstract: Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of the freedom in choosing college majors on the types of the Causal Attribution (CA) for academic success and failure among undergraduate students. Methods: A sample of (498) students were selected randomly from different faculties of The Hashemite University who completed Multi-Dimensional-Multi-Attribution Causality Scale (MMCS) which was modified to Jordanian community. Results: The results revealed that the university students attributed their academic success to internal causes such as ability, effort, and personality traits, but they attributed their failure at academic tasks to unstable causes such as effort, luck, teachers’ attitudes towards them and available assistance. The results also showed there were no significant differences on the CA types for internal and external success and the stable failure factors due to that freedom in choosing majors, but there were significant differences in attributing the failure to unstable causes, since the students who chose their academic majors according to their desires and inclinations attributed their failure to unstable ones. Keywords: Freedom in Choosing College Majors, Causal Attribution|
|Television as the Most Attractive Media of Popular Culture: Cultural Change in Turkey||217-225|
|Abstract: Television is the most common instrument in media and millions of people watch television everyday and have many knowledge about social life and about the world via television. Cultural structure and spiritual approaches changed deeply due to global economical and political developments in Turkey in last decades. Popular culture had a sovereignty via media, especially via television on Turkey and people adopted popular culture rapidly. Television conveyed all products and concepts to people in attractive forms and people were naturally attracted in their lives. Television changed traditional culture to modern culture and peopular culture had a sovereignty via television in Turkey. Keywords: Television, media, entertainment, popular culture, Turkey.|
|Participatory Process of Para Rubber Farmers for Resolve the Impact used to Chemical Pesticides in Phon Subdistrict Kham Muang District Kalasin Province Thailand||233-237|
|Abstract: This research aimed to study participatory process of para rubber farmers for resolve the impact used to chemical pesticides in Phon Subdistrict Kham Muang District Kalasin Province Thailand by studying with the example group of 30 farmers, obtained by the purposive random sampling technique. Constructed questionnaire was used to collect data and was assessed for its reliability. Data analyses involved mean, standard deviation and hypotheses’ tests with t-test. The result of this study before participatory process showed that behavior about used to chemical pesticides was at the good level. After the participatory process the experimental group of para rubber farmers had behavior about used to chemical pesticides was rated higher that the control group (p<.05). Keywords: Participatory Process, Chemical Pesticides, Behavior|
|The Obligations of the Security Council||238-250|
|Maysa Bydoon and Lina Shabeeb|
|Abstract: Similar to States, international organizations assume responsibility at the international arena, as members of the international law society; however, this responsibility is not without limitations. The Security Council is no exception, however, as a politically powerful organization, and due to the primacy of the UN Charter, it is assumed that its powers are ultra vires; such an assumption is inaccurate because the Security Council powers are limited according to the Charter itself. As one of the UN organs, there are other limitations to the powers of the Security Council; some procedural and some substantive; as one of the members of the international society, there are limitations posed by the sources of international law: general international law, norms of jus cogens, customary international law and general principles of law. Keywords: Security Council, international responsibility, UN Charter, international organizations|
|An Empirical Study on Exploitation of Women Workers in Apparel Industries at Tirupur, Tamilnadu||251-258|
|A Madeswaran and A Ravi|
|Abstract: The purpose of this commentary is to examine the prevalence in which women are exploited in the production of apparel goods. Many forms of exploitation occur, unpaid and/or required overtime, lack of adequate benefits, unfair hiring and promotion practices, and forced job assignments requiring intense physical labor which proves detrimental to the health and well-being of the worker and unborn child. The focus of such movements, however, is often on the disregard for labor laws, workers’ rights to join unions, and minimum wage violations. Less focus has centered on the treatment of women in the production of apparel goods. In an attempt to educate consumers, industry and academic professionals, this paper addresses the issue of discriminatory abuses occurring against women in the garment industry. Keywords: Exploitation, Women workers, Apparel Industries and Tamilnadu.|
|The Role of Government on Education Quality and its Provision: The Case of Public Junior Secondary School among Provinces in Indonesia||259-270|
|Bayu Kharisma and Viktor Pirmana|
|Abstract: This paper aims to examine the involvement of the government through the Law No. 20/2003 of National Education System on education qualities, particularly in the public junior secondary school in various provinces in Indonesia during the period of 2000-2004 and to analyze government’s role in providing education of typical level using panel data analysis and literature review. The results showed that the role of government through routine expenditure for public junior secondary school level is significant compared to development expenditure in improving the quality of education. In addition, Law No. 20/2003 of National Education System had a positive effect on the quality of education on public junior secondary school level in Indonesia. Meanwhile, the public junior secondary school level in Indonesia has a common resource characteristic. Keywords: Law No. 20/2003 of National Education System, Public Junior Secondary School, Panel Data and Literature Review, Common Resource..|
|Terrorism: A Moral Critique||271-278|
|Idorenyin Francis Esikot and Mattew Joseph Akpan|
|Abstract: Terrorism is one serious contemporary ethical problem that has elicited controversies around the world. This paper attempts to examine terrorism from a moral standpoint. It discusses the major arguments in support of terrorism and indicates that these arguments are insufficient as support for terrorism. It concludes that terrorism is not only an affront on human dignity but that it is morally wrong. Keywords: Terrorism, Morality, Human, Dignity, Arguments|
|Experimental Design on Factors Influencing Mobile Coupon Redemption||279-287|
|Eun Kyo Choi and Hyung Seok Lee|
|Abstract: Most consumers not only tend to reduce unnecessary economic cost when they purchase products and services, but they also pursue to save monetary cost by redeeming coupons. Prior studies on coupon redemption have described the causal relations among discount rate, expiration date, and redemption intention. This paper conducts an experimental design on the redemption of mobile coupons, which recently have gained popularity among couponers. The results of the study show that consumers place more value in higher discount rates and in longer expiration dates of coupons than on lower discount rates and shorter expiration dates. In addition, consumers have more intention to redeem coupons that have a higher discount rate than a one. There is no significant difference in consumer’s redemption intention according to the type of the discount rate. Keywords: Coupon Redemption, Discount Rate, Expiration Date, Perceived Value|
|The Second Sex: An Analytical Study of Simone de Beauvoir's Influence on Arab Feminism||288-302|
|Maysoon Wael Alatoom|
The focus of this qualitative paper is on Simone De Beauvoir's work “The Second Sex” that was first published in Paris in 1949 and translated, in full, into English only in 2009. This distinctive translation formed a basis of the current study that indulges in a dialogue with De Beauvoir on the current concerns of the Arab woman. To achieve this, the dialogue was routed into two streams: The first one attempted to examine the mechanisms and strategies which De Beauvoir presented in her work as main resources to create the woman and to build her character in sociological, anthropological, and historical construction. While in the second stream, the study tried to look into the demands of the Arab woman at one end and her sociological existence in reality at the other end as a means to measure the distance between de Beauvoir’s project and the Arab woman’s project.
With this respect, we can consider this paper on one part as an attempt to honor De Beauvoir, and on the other hand, as a platform to think about the achievements of Arab women and their main needs and demands especially under the serious and critical Circumstances that Arab societies are going through. Keywords: Sex – Gender – Social construction of the self – Nature – Culture – Private affairs – Public affairs
|The Impact of Petroleum Profit Tax on Economic Growth and Development in Nigeria||303-309|
|Cletus .O. Akenbor, Pius V. C. Okoye and Onouha, Teresa Ezenwa|
|Abstract: This paper examined the impact of petroleum profit tax on economic growth and development in Nigeria. To achieve this purpose, research questions were raised, hypotheses were formulated and a critical review of extant literature was made. The secondary method of data collection was employed in this study whereby data on petroleum profit tax, gross domestic product, education and health services were gathered form the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) annual Reports (1994-2008). The findings from this study revealed that 1% increase in Petroleum Profit Tax brings about 91.66% increase in Gross Domestic Product (GDP0, 5.5% increase in educational development; and 31% increase in the development of health services. These findings indicated that the contribution of petroleum profit tax to educational development and health services is very low. The possibility reason for this, could be that the tax revenue generated form petroleum operations has not be judiciously used for educational development and the provision of health services. In view of the significant proportion of petroleum profit tax as a veritable source of revenue to the government, it effective administration cannot be compromised. The administration of petroleum profit tax which focuses on revenue generation should be re-directed at stimulating economic growth d development. Keywords: Petroleum Profit tax, economic growth, economic development, petroleum Sector.|
|Developing an Ecosystem for Quality Education in Qassim University||310-319|
|Sulaiman Alyahya and Mohammad A. Irfan|
|Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to share the eco system developed at Qassim University (QU) to foster enhanced student learning experience. It shows developmental profile of QU since its inception in 2004 and its rapid growth over the years. QU started from 8 colleges and currently houses 38 colleges offering various undergraduate and postgraduate programs. Student population started from less than 14000 and now is over 50000 being taught by over 3000 faculty members. The ecosystem being built not only aims to nurture the student experience but also creates an environment where research and faculty can thrive. Keywords: University, Eco System, Developmental Profile|